It is a external resource to the memory and makes possible the pupil to reach a new structural organization of its practical activity and desvendamento and conception of the space. Travel agent recognizes the significance of this. for the child is not different, therefore they need space referenciais. The process of the wakening of the child for the world that the fence and the search to discover and to interact with the things to its redor, the search for discovering what it is this world that this if opening, is demonstrated by the activities developed for it when still baby and it contributes stops with the learning, in view of that the process to unmask the world to its redor makes possible the acquisition of concepts related to the cartography that they go to be explored in the school. Since baby, the human being if interests in knowing and usufructing of the space that it occupies, either to supply its basic necessities, either to have fun themselves. The first scribbles made in a sheet of paper, exactly that unreadable for the adults, already they portray the elements that the child confers more esteem and that it they are more prxime: the family, the animals of esteem, the car of the papa, the yard of the house, etc.
In the advance of the tracings, as go increasing the age, go appearing bigger spaces and with more details. At last, the child feels necessity to try and to know well its space geographic and what it contains. Therefore, its drawings already are a graphical representation of the space, that is, the cartography and geography if they reveal junte, since early, in infantile mental development. The proper games or infantile tricks also project this evolution, that must gradual be worked since the first pertaining to school series of the human being, so that this understands the construction of its half can adapt it.