Regional leaderships, more known as caudilhos, conducted the power economic politician and of just the libertos countries. Some questions had started to arise in the Latin countries, between them: the extreme one to be able of the Church Catholic, adoption of the centralism or the federalism and the confrontation of parties liberal conservatives and. The figure of caudilho is reflected in a way of predatory nesting. The adoption of the systems federalists was not other people's the caudilhista will, that is, when decentralizing the central power created regionalismos, located powers. The process of unification politics and suppression of privileges of great stratus of the ecclesiastical hierarchy took the innumerable armed conflicts in America, that in its majority had finished with the power caudilho and in the nationalization of good of the church. Latin America entered in the period of the true birth of its ideas, now was the moment of forges of its face, to heal its wounds, to long for a really independent future in such a way economically, how much partner-cultural.
ARGENTINA: GENERATION OF 37, SARMIENTO AND the NATIONAL CENTRALIZATION Argentina, independent in 1820, revealed without a leadership strong politics the sufficient, what it still more provoked the decentralizing power of the caudilhos, that nothing more were that powerful land proprietors, that they controlled its human corral. With the sprouting of Juan Manoel Roses (1829-1852), Argentina gets certain unification of its power administrative politician and. Although, Argentina did not govern as a whole, but yes Buenos Aires, this governor promoted alliances with the other caudilhos, originating the others twelve provinces, fortifying the character federalist. Its alliances do not guarantee the total exemption of enemies politicians to its administration. This would be Facundo Quiroga, beyond the call group of the generation of 1937, composed for Juan Baptist Alberd, Juan Gutierrez Maria, Estebn Echeverra and Vicente Fidel Lopez, that by means of its studies and writings fought the rosista power.