The situation could be brightened up, if the farming sector if to be modernized, if it was less resistant the rational techniques of production as the direct plantation, the diversification of cultures, the rotating system of pasture, the implantation of biodigestores between many others, with positive results not only for the producer as well as for the environment. In a course where I had the chance to participate, in the gone ones of the decade of 80, in the Esalq - Superior School of Agriculture Luiz of Queiroz, in the So Paulo interior,> while the agricultural producer not to start to face its activity as company does not have that to say in significant changes in the sector. After twenty years, in which some I had the chance to work directly as technician in the area, and to feel in the skin the resistance of the sector in if modernizing (I acted in the technological area of genetic improvement), one perceives that little was changed until then. The persistence of techniques of inadequate use of the ground and the resistance to the change of paradigms, great part in cultural function, still are persistent. Certain it is that the agricultural producer cannot load in its coasts all this responsibility, the government is so guiltier of what it, by the way, well more. The agricultural sector, since the period of the beginning of its industrialization in Brazil passed to be neglected and to be kept out of society, serving only to keep surplus in the trade balance (remembering that the farming activity comes> ferrando, harvest after harvest, that one that if refused to go city to serve of leavens in the bolses of misery. Brazil, until today did not obtain to establish the agrarian reform in our country, and wants to make a comment not to excite critical maken a mistake on this subject.